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2022-07-05 MARS A.S.: Amendment 39-21992; Docket No. FAA-2022-0289; Project Identifier MCAI-2022-00254-Q.
(a) EFFECTIVE DATE

    This airworthiness directive (AD) is effective April 5, 2022.

(b) AFFECTED ADS

    This AD replaces AD 2022-05-09,  Amendment 39-21960 (87 FR 10712, Feb-
    ruary 25, 2022).

(c) APPLICABILITY

    This AD applies to MARS A.S. ATL-88/90-1B  (commercially known as ATL-
    15 SL) emergency parachutes that meet either of the criterion in para-
    graph (c)(1) or (2) of this AD:

(1) The parachute has a date of manufacture of January 1, 2016,  or later;
    or

(2) The date of manufacture of the parachute is unknown.

(d) SUBJECT

    Joint Aircraft System Component (JASC) Code 2563, Parachute.

(e) UNSAFE CONDITION

    This AD  results from  mandatory continuing  airworthiness information
    (MCAI)  originated  by an  aviation  authority of  another  country to
    identify and correct an unsafe  condition on an aviation product.  The
    MCAI identifies  the unsafe  condition as  the length  of the  ripcord
    between the pins  being too long,  which could cause  a malfunction of
    the emergency parachute. The unsafe condition, if not addressed, could
    result in failure of the emergency parachute to deploy when needed.

(f) COMPLIANCE

    Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified,  unless al-
    ready done.

(g) REMOVE FROM SERVICE

    As of the effective date of this AD,  remove each  emergency parachute
    from service.

(h) SPECIAL FLIGHT PERMIT

    Special flight permits are prohibited.

(i) ALTERNATIVE METHODS OF COMPLIANCE (AMOCS)

(1) The Manager,  Boston  ACO  Branch,  FAA,  has the authority to approve
    AMOCs for this AD, if requested  using the procedures found in 14  CFR
    39.19. In  accordance with  14 CFR  39.19, send  your request  to your
    principal  inspector  or  local Flight  Standards District  Office, as
    appropriate. If  sending information  directly to  the manager  of the
    certification  office,  send  it  to  the  attention  of  the   person
    identified in paragraph (j)(1) of this AD and email to: 9-AVS-AIR-BACO
    -COS@faa.gov.

(2) Before using any approved AMOC,  notify your appropriate principal in-
    spector, or lacking  a principal inspector,  the manager of  the local
    flight standards district office/certificate holding district office.

(j) RELATED INFORMATION

(1) For more information about this AD,  contact Darren Gassetto, COS Pro-
    gram Manager, Boston ACO Branch,  Compliance & Airworthiness Division,
    FAA,  1200 District Avenue,  Burlington, MA 01803;  phone:  (516) 228-
    7323; email: 9-AVS-AIR-BACO-COS@faa.gov.

(2) Refer  to  European Union Aviation Safety Agency  (EASA)  Emergency AD
    2022-0029-E,  dated February 23, 2022,  for more information.  You may
    examine the EASA AD in the AD docket at https://www.regulations.gov by
    searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2022-0289.

(k) MATERIAL INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

    None.

Issued on March 16, 2022. Derek Morgan, Acting Director, Compliance & Air-
worthiness Division, Aircraft Certification Service.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:  Darren Gassetto,  COS  Program  Manager,
Boston ACO Branch, Compliance & Airworthiness Division, FAA, 1200 District
Avenue, Burlington, MA 01803; phone: (516) 228-7323; email: 9-AVS-AIR-BACO
-COS@faa.gov.
PREAMBLE 

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2022-0289; Project Identifier MCAI-2022-00254-Q;
Amendment 39-21992; AD 2022-07-05]
RIN 2120-AA64

Airworthiness Directives; MARS A.S. Parachutes

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Final rule; request for comments.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The FAA is superseding Airworthiness Directive (AD) 2022-05-
09, which applied to certain MARS A.S. emergency parachutes. AD 2022-
05-09 required removing emergency parachutes with certain manufacture
dates or serial numbers from service. Since the FAA issued AD 2022-05-
09, the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) superseded its
mandatory continuing airworthiness information (MCAI) to correct an unsafe
condition on this aviation product. The MCAI identifies the unsafe condition as
the length of the ripcord between the pins being too long, which could cause a
malfunction of the emergency parachute. This AD retains the actions
required by AD 2022-05-09 and expands the applicability.

DATES: This AD is effective April 5, 2022.
The FAA must receive any comments on this AD by May 5, 2022.

ADDRESSES: You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR
11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods:
Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to https://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions
for submitting comments.
Fax: (202) 493-2251.
Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket
Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New
Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590.
Hand Delivery: Deliver to Mail address above between 9
a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.
For service information identified in this final rule, contact MarS
a.s, Okru[zcaron]n[iacute] II 239, Jev[iacute][ccaron]ko, 569 43, Czech
Republic; phone: +420 461 353 841; email: mars@marsjev.cz; website:
https://www.marsjev.com. You may view this service information at the
FAA, Airworthiness Products Section, Operational Safety Branch, 901
Locust, Kansas City, MO 64106. For information on the availability of
this material at the FAA, call (817) 222-5110.

Examining the AD Docket

You may examine the AD docket at https://www.regulations.gov by
searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2022-0289; or in person at
Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday,
except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this final rule, the
MCAI, any comments received, and other information. The street address
for Docket Operations is listed above.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Darren Gassetto, COS Program Manager,
Boston ACO Branch, Compliance & Airworthiness Division, FAA, 1200
District Avenue, Burlington, MA 01803; phone: (516) 228-7323; email: 9-AVS-AIR-BACO-COS@faa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

The FAA issued AD 2022-05-09, Amendment 39-21960 (87 FR 10712,
February 25, 2022) (AD 2022-05-09), for certain MARS A.S. ATL-88/90-1B
(commercially known as ATL-15 SL) emergency parachutes with an
extension of static line made of Microline cord. AD 2022-05-09 was
prompted by MCAI originated by EASA, which is the Technical Agent for
the Member States of the European Union. EASA issued EASA Emergency AD
2022-0018-E, dated January 28, 2022, to address malfunction of the
emergency parachute. AD 2022-05-09 required removing emergency
parachutes with certain manufacture dates or serial numbers from
service. The FAA issued AD 2022-05-09 to address failure of an
emergency parachute to deploy when needed.

Actions Since AD 2022-05-09 Was Issued

Since the FAA issued AD 2022-05-09, EASA superseded EASA Emergency
AD 2022-0018-E, dated January 28, 2022, and issued EASA Emergency AD
2022-0029-E, dated February 23, 2022 (referred to after this as ``the
MCAI'') for MARS A.S. ATL-88/90-1B (commercially known as ATL-15 SL)
emergency parachutes, all serial numbers (s/n) manufactured from 2016.
The MCAI states:

During the yearly inspection of one of the affected emergency
parachutes, it has been found that the length of the ripcord between
the pins was too large and, in some cases, only one of 2 loops of
the parachute could be opened when the manual ripcord was pulled.
Subsequent inspection revealed that the dimensions of the static
line extension were out of production tolerances. It is expected
that the manufacturer will develop a modification to restore the
airworthiness of affected emergency parachutes.
This condition, if not corrected, could cause a malfunction of
the emergency parachute.
To address this unsafe condition EASA issued Emergency AD 2022-
0018-E to require removal from service of the affected emergency
parachutes.
Since that [EASA] AD was issued, following some additional
tests, it was determined that additional emergency parachutes s/n
may also be affected by this unsafe condition.
For the reasons described above, this [EASA] AD retains the
requirements of EASA Emergency AD 2022-0018-E, which is superseded,
and expands its Applicability.
This [EASA] AD is still considered to be an interim measure and
further [EASA] AD action may follow.

You may examine the MCAI in the AD docket at https://www.regulations.gov by
searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2022-0289.
The results of the additional tests referenced in the MCAI showed
that even emergency parachutes with a metallic static line extension
(not made of Microline cord) failed to deploy.

Related Service Information

The FAA reviewed MarS a.s. letter titled ``Information for dealers
and users of the ATL-15 SL emergency parachute (ATL-88/90-1B),'' dated
January 27, 2022. This letter provides information for identifying and
suspending the use of affected emergency parachutes, which have an
extension of static line made of Microline cord that was manufactured
outside of production tolerances. EASA has since determined that the
unsafe condition exists regardless of the design of the static line
extension.

AD Requirements

This AD applies to emergency parachutes with certain manufacture
dates and requires removing those emergency parachutes from service.
This AD retains the actions required by AD 2022-05-09 and expands the
applicability.

Differences Between This AD and the MCAI

The MCAI requires storing emergency parachutes in the unrigged
condition in storage containers and visibly mark those storage
containers with the words ``Parachute not airworthy. Do not use until
further notice,'' while this AD requires removing the emergency
parachutes from service.
This AD also requires removing from service any emergency parachute
where the manufacture date is unknown, and the MCAI does not include
that requirement.

Interim Action

The FAA considers this AD to be an interim action. If final action
is later identified, the FAA might consider further rulemaking then.

FAA's Justification and Determination of the Effective Date

Section 553(b)(3)(B) of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) (5
U.S.C. 551 et seq.) authorizes agencies to dispense with notice and
comment procedures for rules when the agency, for ``good cause,'' finds
that those procedures are ``impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to
the public interest.'' Under this section, an agency, upon finding good
cause, may issue a final rule without providing notice and seeking
comment prior to issuance. Further, section 553(d) of the APA
authorizes agencies to make rules effective in less than thirty days,
upon a finding of good cause.

An unsafe condition exists that requires the immediate adoption of
this AD without providing an opportunity for public comments prior to
adoption. The FAA has found that the risk to the flying public
justifies waiving notice and comment prior to adoption of this rule
because failure of an emergency parachute to deploy when needed will
lead to the parachutist freefalling to the surface without being
slowed, resulting in serious injury or death. Thus, the affected
parachutes must be removed from service as of the effective date of
this AD. Accordingly, notice and opportunity for prior public comment
are impracticable and contrary to the public interest pursuant to 5
U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(B).
The FAA has also found that the risk to the flying public justifies
foregoing notice and comment prior to adoption of this rule because
there are no affected emergency parachutes used in the United States
and thus, it is unlikely that the FAA will receive any adverse comments
or useful information about this AD from U.S. operators. Accordingly,
notice and opportunity for prior public comment are unnecessary
pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(B).
In addition, the FAA finds that good cause exists pursuant to 5
U.S.C. 553(d) for making this amendment effective in less than 30 days,
for the same reasons the FAA found good cause to forego notice and
comment.

Comments Invited

The FAA invites you to send any written data, views, or arguments
about this final rule. Send your comments to an address listed under
ADDRESSES. Include ``Docket No. FAA-2022-0289 and Project Identifier
MCAI-2022-00254-Q'' at the beginning of your comments. The most helpful
comments reference a specific portion of the final rule, explain the
reason for any recommended change, and include supporting data. The FAA
will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend
this final rule because of those comments.
Except for Confidential Business Information (CBI) as described in
the following paragraph, and other information as described in 14 CFR
11.35, the FAA will post all comments received, without change, to
https://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you
provide. The agency will also post a report summarizing each
substantive verbal contact received about this final rule.

Confidential Business Information

CBI is commercial or financial information that is both customarily
and actually treated as private by its owner. Under the Freedom of
Information Act (FOIA) (5 U.S.C. 552), CBI is exempt from public
disclosure. If your comments responsive to this AD contain commercial
or financial information that is customarily treated as private, that
you actually treat as private, and that is relevant or responsive to
this AD, it is important that you clearly designate the submitted
comments as CBI. Please mark each page of your submission containing
CBI as ``PROPIN.'' The FAA will treat such marked submissions as
confidential under the FOIA, and they will not be placed in the public
docket of this AD. Submissions containing CBI should be sent Darren
Gassetto, COS Program Manager, Boston ACO Branch, Compliance &
Airworthiness Division, FAA, 1200 District Avenue, Burlington, MA
01803. Any commentary that the FAA receives which is not specifically
designated as CBI will be placed in the public docket for this
rulemaking.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

The requirements of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) do not
apply when an agency finds good cause pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553 to adopt
a rule without prior notice and comment. Because FAA has determined
that it has good cause to adopt this rule without prior notice and
comment, RFA analysis is not required.

Costs of Compliance

The FAA estimates that this AD does not affect any emergency
parachutes used in the United States. According to the manufacturer,
none of the affected emergency parachutes were sold through its
distributors in the United States. In the event an affected emergency
parachute is brought into the United States, the following is an
estimate of the costs to comply with this AD:

Estimated Costs

Action
Labor cost
Parts cost
Cost per parachute
Remove emergency parachute from service 0.5 work-hour x $85.00 per hour = $42.50
Not Applicable
$42.50

Authority for This Rulemaking

Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to
issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the
authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs
describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.
The FAA is issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in
Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: General requirements.
Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight
of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for
practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary
for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that
authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to
exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

This AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order
13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States,
on the relationship between the national government and the States, or
on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various
levels of government.
For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD:
(1) Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive
Order 12866, and
(2) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Safety.

The Amendment

Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the
Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

PART 39--AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.

Sec. 39.13 [Amended]


2. The FAA amends Sec. 39.13 by:

a. Removing Airworthiness Directive 2022-05-09, Amendment 39-21960 (87
FR 10712, February 25, 2022); and

b. Adding the following new airworthiness directive: