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PROPOSED AD AIRBUS HELICOPTERS: Docket No. FAA-2022-0381; Project Identifier MCAI-2021-01314-R.
(a) COMMENTS DUE DATE

    The FAA must receive comments on this airworthiness directive (AD)  by
    May 13, 2022.

(b) AFFECTED ADS

    None.

(c) APPLICABILITY

    This  AD  applies  to all  Airbus  Helicopters  Model AS355E,  AS355F,
    AS355F1, AS355F2, AS-365N2, AS 365 N3, SA-365N, SA-365N1, EC 155B, and
    EC155B1 helicopters, certificated in any category.

(d) SUBJECT

    Joint Aircraft  Service Component  (JASC) Code:  7110, Engine  Cowling
    System.

(e) UNSAFE CONDITION

    This  AD  was  prompted  by  investigation  results  from  an   engine
    compartment fire, which determined some  of the internal parts of  the
    engine upper fixed cowling  (engine cowling) were painted  with finish
    paint on top of the primer layer. The FAA is issuing this AD to detect
    finish  paint  inside  the  duct of  the  engine  cowling.  The unsafe
    condition, if not addressed, could result in fire propagation in  case
    of exposure to high temperature, damage to the helicopter, and  injury
    to the occupants.

(f) COMPLIANCE

    Comply  with this  AD within  the compliance  times specified,  unless
    already done.

(g) REQUIREMENTS

    Except  as specified  in paragraph  (h) of  this AD:  Comply with  all
    required actions and compliance times specified in, and in  accordance
    with, European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD 2021-0265, dated
    November 23, 2021 (EASA AD 2021-0265).

(h) EXCEPTIONS TO EASA AD 2021-0265

(1) Where EASA AD 2021-0265  requires compliance  in terms of flight hours
    (FH), this AD requires using hours time-in-service.

(2) Where EASA AD 2021-0265 refers to its effective date, this AD requires
    using the effective date of this AD.

(3) Where paragraph (1) of EASA AD 2021-0265 specifies "in accordance with
    the instructions of paragraph 3.B of the applicable ASB," for this  AD
    replace "in accordance with the  instructions of paragraph 3.B of  the
    applicable   ASB"  with   "in  accordance   with  the   Accomplishment
    Instructions, paragraphs 3.B.2.a.  through 3.B.2.b. of  the applicable
    ASB."

(4) Where paragraph (2)  of EASA AD 2021-0265  specifies to repaint or re-
    place the affected part, replace the text "repaint (with primer  layer
    only) that  affected part  or replace  it with  a serviceable  part in
    accordance with the instructions  of paragraph 3.B. of  the applicable
    ASB," with  "repaint (with  primer layer  only) that  affected part in
    accordance  with  the  instructions  of  paragraph  3.B.2.b.  of   the
    applicable ASB, or replace the affected part with a `serviceable part'
    as defined in EASA AD 2021-0265."

(5) Where the service information  referenced  in EASA AD 2021-0265 speci-
    fies "identify again the engine upper fixed cowling (a), refer to par-
    agraph 3.C.,"  this AD does require modifying your helicopter by mark-
    ing "ASB No. 53.00.38,"  "ASB No. 53A40,"  or  "ASB No. 53.00.65,"  as
    applicable to your helicopter, after the old P/N on the engine cowling
    with indelible ink,  but  does  not  require compliance with paragraph
    3.C. of the "applicable ASB" as defined in EASA AD 2021-0265.

(6) Where the service information  referenced  in EASA AD 2021-0265 speci-
    fies during the interpretation of results from the visual check of the
    inside of the duct of the engine cowling, if there is any finish paint
    inside  the  duct,  obey   with  paragraph  3.B.2.b.  (i.e.,   perform
    corrective actions)  not more  than 6  months after  you complied with
    paragraph 3.B.2.a., for this AD,  if there is any finish  paint inside
    the duct  of the  engine cowling,  perform the  corrective actions not
    more than  6 months  after you  complied with  paragraph 3.B.2.a. Work
    Card   20-04-05-402   (MTC),   referenced   in   the    Accomplishment
    Instructions, paragraph 3.B.2.b. of the "applicable ASB" as defined in
    EASA AD 2021-0265 is  for reference only and  is not required for  the
    actions in this AD.

(7) Where the Accomplishment Instructions,  paragraph  3.B.2.b  of  Airbus
    Helicopters Alert Service Bulletin  (ASB) No. AS365-53.00.65, and  ASB
    EC155-53A040,  both  Revision  0, and  both  dated  October 27,  2021,
    specify to  refer to  Work Card  53-50-00-402 (MET),  or Task 53-54-00
    -061(AMM), to remove and install the engine cowling, for this AD those
    instructions  are  for  reference only  and are  not required  for the
    actions in this AD.

(8) This AD does not mandate compliance with the "Remarks" section of EASA
    AD 2021-0265.

(i) NO REPORTING REQUIREMENT

    Although the service information referenced in EASA AD 2021-0265 spec-
    ifies to submit certain information to the manufacturer, this AD  does
    not include that requirement.

(j) SPECIAL FLIGHT PERMIT

    Special flight permits  may be issued in accordance with 14 CFR 21.197
    and 21.199, provided no passengers are onboard.

(k) ALTERNATIVE METHODS OF COMPLIANCE (AMOCS)

(1) The Manager, International Validation Branch,  FAA,  has the authority
    to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures  found
    in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request to
    your principal inspector or local Flight Standards District Office, as
    appropriate. If  sending information  directly to  the manager  of the
    International  Validation  Branch, send  it  to the  attention  of the
    person identified in paragraph (l)(2)  of this AD. Information may  be
    emailed to: 9-AVS-AIR-730-AMOC@faa.gov.

(2) Before using any approved AMOC,  notify your appropriate principal in-
    spector, or lacking  a principal inspector,  the manager of  the local
    flight standards district office/certificate holding district office.

(l) RELATED INFORMATION

(1) For EASA AD 2021-0265,  contact  EASA,  Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer 3,  50668
    Cologne, Germany; telephone +49 221 8999 000; email ADs@easa.europa.eu
    internet www.easa.europa.eu.  You  may  find  EASA AD 2021-0265 on the
    EASA website at https://ad.easa.europa.eu.  You may view this material
    at the FAA,  Office of the Regional Counsel,  Southwest Region,  10101
    Hillwood Pkwy., Room 6N-321, Fort Worth, TX 76177.  For information on
    the availability of this material  at  the  FAA,  call (817) 222-5110.
    This material may be found in the AD docket at https://www.regulations
    .gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2022-0381.

(2) For more information about this AD,  contact Andrea Jimenez, Aerospace
    Engineer,  COS Program Management Section,  Operational Safety Branch,
    Compliance & Airworthiness Division, FAA, 1600 Stewart Ave, Suite 410,
    Westbury, NY 11590; telephone (516) 228-7330; email andrea.jimenez@faa
    .gov.

Issued on March 24, 2022. Lance T. Gant, Director, Compliance & Airworthi-
ness Division, Aircraft Certification Service.

DATES: The FAA must receive comments on this proposed AD by May 13, 2022.
PREAMBLE 

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2022-0381; Project Identifier MCAI-2021-01314-R]
RIN 2120-AA64

Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Helicopters

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM).

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The FAA proposes to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD)
for all Airbus Helicopters Model AS355E, AS355F, AS355F1, AS355F2, AS-
365N2, AS 365 N3, SA-365N, SA-365N1, EC 155B, and EC155B1 helicopters.
This proposed AD was prompted by investigation results from an engine
compartment fire, which determined some of the internal parts of the
engine upper fixed cowling (engine cowling) were painted with finish
paint on top of the primer layer. This proposed AD would require a one-
time inspection of certain part-numbered engine cowlings, and
corrective actions if necessary, as specified in a European Union
Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD, which is proposed for incorporation
by reference (IBR). The FAA is proposing this AD to address the unsafe
condition on these products.

DATES: The FAA must receive comments on this proposed AD by May 13,
2022.

ADDRESSES: You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR
11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods:
Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to https://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions
for submitting comments.
Fax: (202) 493-2251.
Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket
Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New
Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590.
Hand Delivery: Deliver to Mail address above between 9
a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.
For EASA material that is proposed for IBR in this AD, contact
EASA, Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer 3, 50668 Cologne, Germany; telephone +49 221
8999 000; email ADs@easa.europa.eu; internet www.easa.europa.eu. You
may find the EASA material on the EASA website at https://ad.easa.europa.eu.
You may view this material at the FAA, Office of the
Regional Counsel, Southwest Region, 10101 Hillwood Pkwy., Room 6N-321,
Fort Worth, TX 76177. For information on the availability of this
material at the FAA, call (817) 222-5110. This material is also
available at https://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating
Docket No. FAA-2022-0381.

Examining the AD Docket

You may examine the AD docket at https://www.regulations.gov by
searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2022-0381; or in person at
Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday,
except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this NPRM, the EASA AD,
any comments received, and other information. The street address for
Docket Operations is listed above.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Andrea Jimenez, Aerospace Engineer,
COS Program Management Section, Operational Safety Branch, Compliance &
Airworthiness Division, FAA, 1600 Stewart Ave., Suite 410, Westbury, NY
11590; telephone (516) 228-7330; email andrea.jimenez@faa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Comments Invited

The FAA invites you to send any written relevant data, views, or
arguments about this proposal. Send your comments to an address listed
under ADDRESSES. Include ``Docket No. FAA-2022-0381; Project Identifier
MCAI-2021-01314-R'' at the beginning of your comments. The most helpful
comments reference a specific portion of the proposal, explain the
reason for any recommended change, and include supporting data. The FAA
will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend
this proposal because of those comments.
Except for Confidential Business Information (CBI) as described in
the following paragraph, and other information as described in 14 CFR
11.35, the FAA will post all comments received, without change, to
https://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you
provide. The agency will also post a report summarizing each
substantive verbal contact received about this NPRM.

Confidential Business Information

CBI is commercial or financial information that is both customarily
and actually treated as private by its owner. Under the Freedom of
Information Act (FOIA) (5 U.S.C. 552), CBI is exempt from public
disclosure. If your comments responsive to this NPRM contain commercial
or financial information that is customarily treated as private, that
you actually treat as private, and that is relevant or responsive to
this NPRM, it is important that you clearly designate the submitted
comments as CBI. Please mark each page of your submission containing
CBI as ``PROPIN.'' The FAA will treat such marked submissions as
confidential under the FOIA, and they will not be placed in the public
docket of this NPRM. Submissions containing CBI should be sent to
Andrea Jimenez, Aerospace Engineer, COS Program Management Section,
Operational Safety Branch, Compliance & Airworthiness Division, FAA,
1600 Stewart Ave., Suite 410, Westbury, NY 11590; telephone (516) 228-
7330; email andrea.jimenez@faa.gov. Any commentary that the FAA
receives that is not specifically designated as CBI will be placed in
the public docket for this rulemaking.

Background

EASA, which is the Technical Agent for the Member States of the
European Union, has issued EASA AD 2021-0265, dated November 23, 2021
(EASA AD 2021-0265), to correct an unsafe condition for Airbus
Helicopters (AH), formerly Eurocopter, Eurocopter France, Aerospatiale,
Sud Aviation, Model SA 365 N, SA 365 N1, AS 365 N2, AS 365 N3, EC 155
B, EC 155 B1, AS 355 E, AS 355 F, AS 355 F1 and AS 355 F2 helicopters,
all serial numbers.
This proposed AD was prompted by investigation results from an
engine compartment fire, which determined some of the internal parts of
the engine cowling were painted with finish paint on top of the primer
layer. The FAA is proposing this AD to detect finish paint inside the
duct of the engine cowling. The unsafe condition, if not addressed,
could result in fire propagation in case of exposure to high
temperature, damage to the helicopter, and injury to the occupants. See
EASA AD 2021-0265 for additional background information.

Related Service Information Under 1 CFR Part 51

EASA AD 2021-0265 requires a one-time inspection of certain part-
numbered engine cowlings (e.g., an affected part as defined in EASA AD
2021-0265) for finish paint and depending on the inspection results,
accomplishment of applicable corrective actions. EASA AD 2021-0265 also
allows an affected part to be installed on any helicopter, provided it
is a serviceable part as defined in EASA AD 2021-0265. Corrective
actions include repainting the affected part and replacing the affected
part.
This material is reasonably available because the interested
parties have access to it through their normal course of business or by
the means identified in the ADDRESSES section.

Other Related Service Information

The FAA reviewed Airbus Helicopters Alert Service Bulletin (ASB)
No. AS355-53.00.38, ASB No. AS365-53.00.65, and ASB No. EC155-53A040,
all Revision 0, and all dated October 27, 2021, which specify
procedures for inspecting the inside of the duct of the engine cowling
for finish paint and corrective actions.

FAA's Determination

These helicopters have been approved by EASA and are approved for
operation in the United States. Pursuant to the FAA's bilateral
agreement with the European Union, EASA has notified the FAA about the
unsafe condition described in its AD. The FAA is proposing this AD
after evaluating all known relevant information and determining that
the unsafe condition described previously is likely to exist or develop
on other helicopters of the same type design.

Proposed AD Requirements in This NPRM

This proposed AD would require accomplishing the actions specified
in EASA AD 2021-0265, described previously, as incorporated by
reference, except for any differences identified as exceptions in the
regulatory text of this proposed AD and except as discussed under
``Differences Between this Proposed AD and EASA AD 2021-0265.''

Explanation of Required Compliance Information

In the FAA's ongoing efforts to improve the efficiency of the AD
process, the FAA developed a process to use some civil aviation
authority (CAA) ADs as the primary source of information for compliance
with requirements for corresponding FAA ADs. The FAA has been
coordinating this process with manufacturers and CAAs. As a result, the
FAA proposes to incorporate EASA AD 2021-0265 by reference in the FAA
final rule. This proposed AD would, therefore, require compliance with
EASA AD 2021-0265 in its entirety through that incorporation, except
for any differences identified as exceptions in the regulatory text of
this proposed AD. Using common terms that are the same as the heading
of a particular section in EASA AD 2021-0265 does not mean that
operators need comply only with that section. For example, where the AD
requirement refers to ``all required actions and compliance times,''
compliance with this AD requirement is not limited to the section
titled ``Required Action(s) and Compliance Time(s)'' in EASA AD 2021-
0265. Service information referenced in EASA AD 2021-0265 for
compliance will be available at https://www.regulations.gov by
searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2022-0381 after the FAA final
rule is published.

Differences Between This Proposed AD and EASA AD 2021-0265

Service information referenced in EASA AD 2021-0265 specifies
recording compliance of the applicable ASBs, whereas this proposed AD
would not.

Costs of Compliance

The FAA estimates that this AD, if adopted as proposed, would
affect 93 helicopters of U.S. Registry. Labor rates are estimated at
$85 per work-hour. Based on these numbers, the FAA estimates the
following costs to comply with this proposed AD.
Inspecting each engine cowling would take about 1 work-hour for an
estimated cost of $85 per helicopter and $7,905 for the U.S. fleet.
Repainting each engine cowling with primer only would take about 8
work-hours for an estimated cost of $680 per helicopter.
Replacing an engine cowling with a ``serviceable part'' as defined
in EASA AD 2021-0265 would take about 4 work-hours and parts would cost
up to $7,800 for an estimated cost of up to $8,140 per replacement.

Authority for This Rulemaking

Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to
issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the
authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs,
describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.
The FAA is issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in
Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: General requirements.
Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight
of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for
practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary
for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that
authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to
exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

The FAA determined that this proposed AD would not have federalism
implications under Executive Order 13132. This proposed AD would not
have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship
between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution
of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.
For the reasons discussed above, I certify this proposed
regulation:
(1) Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive
Order 12866,
(2) Would not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska, and
(3) Would not have a significant economic impact, positive or
negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria
of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by
reference, Safety.

The Proposed Amendment

Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the
Administrator, the FAA proposes to amend 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

PART 39--AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.

Sec. 39.13 [Amended]

2. The FAA amends Sec. 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness
directive: