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2021-19-16 AIRBUS HELICOPTERS: Amendment 39-21734; Docket No. FAA-2021-0785; Project Identifier AD-2021-00989-R.
(a) EFFECTIVE DATE

    This airworthiness directive (AD) becomes effective October 12, 2021.

(b) AFFECTED ADS

    This  AD  replaces AD  2021-16-02,  Amendment 39-21663  (86  FR 46771,
    August 20, 2021) (AD 2021-16-02).

(c) APPLICABILITY

    This AD applies  to Airbus Helicopters  Model SA330J, AS332C,  AS332L,
    AS332L1,  AS332L2,  and  EC225LP  helicopters,  certificated  in   any
    category,  as  identified  in  the  Applicability  of  European  Union
    Aviation Safety  Agency AD  2020-0087, dated  April 15,  2020 (EASA AD
    2020-0087).

(d) SUBJECT

    Joint Aircraft System Component (JASC) Code 5210, Passenger/Crew Doors

(e) UNSAFE CONDITION

    This AD was  prompted by a  report of a  left-hand (LH) side  stairway
    door  that  inadvertently  opened and  tore  off  from its  attachment
    fittings  during  flight.  The  FAA  is  issuing  this  AD  to address
    incorrect locking of the LH side stairway door, which could result  in
    an  in-flight  opening  of  the  door  and  subsequent  damage  to the
    helicopter or injury to persons on the ground.

(f) COMPLIANCE

    Comply  with this  AD within  the compliance  times specified,  unless
    already done.

(g) REQUIREMENTS

    Except as specified in paragraph (h)  of this AD:  Comply with all re-
    quired actions and compliance times specified in,  and  in  accordance
    with, EASA AD 2020-0087.

(h) EXCEPTIONS TO EASA AD 2020-0087

(1) Where EASA AD 2020-0087 refers to November 6, 2014 (the effective date
    of EASA AD 2014-0241-E, dated November 4, 2014) or its effective date,
    this AD requires using the effective date of this AD.

(2) Where EASA AD  2020-0087  refers  to  Group 1 and Group 2 helicopters,
    this AD does not refer to any groups of helicopters.

(3) Where the service information  referenced in EASA AD 2020-0087 permits
    certain actions to be performed by a mechanical engineering technician
    or  pilot,  this  AD  requires that  the  actions  be  performed by  a
    qualified mechanic.

(4) Where the service information  referenced  in EASA AD 2020-0087 speci-
    fies to discard certain parts,  this AD requires removing those  parts
    from service.

(5) While paragraph (2) of EASA AD 2020-0087 requires actions  before next
    flight after each application of painting on the LH side stairway door
    or its external  door handle, those  actions are not  required by this
    AD.

(6) Where paragraph (3)  of EASA AD 2020-0087  requires reconditioning the
    locking safety  mechanism, and  the service  information referenced in
    paragraph (3)  of EASA  AD 2020-0087  specifies contacting  the Airbus
    Helicopters Support  and Services  Department if  it is  impossible to
    recondition the locking  safety mechanism by  moving the door  handle,
    this AD requires moving the external door handle from the "Locked"  to
    the "Unlocked" position to determine if the safety mechanism can  lock
    automatically. If  the safety  mechanism does  not lock automatically,
    this AD requires, before further flight accomplishing paragraph (5) of
    EASA AD 2020-0087  or accomplishing corrective  action using a  method
    approved by  the Manager,  International Validation  Branch, FAA.  The
    Manager’s approval letter must specifically refer to this AD.

(7) Where paragraph (5)  of EASA AD 2020-0087  identifies the modification
    as  required by  paragraph (4)  of  EASA  AD 2020-0087  as terminating
    action for the repetitive inspections as required by paragraph (2)  of
    EASA AD 2020-0087 for that helicopter, the terminating action for  the
    repetitive inspections as  required by paragraph  (2) of EASA  AD 2020
    -0087 does not apply to this AD.

(8) This AD does not mandate compliance with the “Remarks” section of EASA
    AD 2020-0087.

(i) NO REPORTING REQUIREMENT

    Although the service information referenced in EASA AD 2020-0087 spec-
    ifies to submit certain information to the manufacturer, this AD  does
    not include that requirement.

(j) ALTERNATIVE METHODS OF COMPLIANCE (AMOCS)

(1) The Manager, International Validation Branch,  FAA,  has the authority
    to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures  found
    in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 CFR 39.19, send your request to
    your principal inspector or local Flight Standards District Office, as
    appropriate. If  sending information  directly to  the manager  of the
    International  Validation  Branch, send  it  to the  attention  of the
    person identified  in paragraph  (k) of  this AD.  Information may  be
    emailed to: 9-AVS-AIR-730-AMOC@faa.gov.

(2) Before using any approved AMOC,  notify your appropriate principal in-
    spector, or lacking  a principal inspector,  the manager of  the local
    flight standards district office/certificate holding district office.

(k) RELATED INFORMATION

    For more information about this AD, contact Hal Jensen, Aerospace Eng-
    ineer, Operational Safety Branch, FAA,  950 L’Enfant Plaza N SW, Wash-
    ington, DC 20024; telephone (202) 267-9167; email hal.jensen@faa.gov.

(l) MATERIAL INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

(1) The Director of the Federal Register  approved  the  incorporation  by
    reference (IBR) of  the service information  listed in this  paragraph
    under 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51.

(2) You must use this service information as applicable  to do the actions
    required by this AD, unless this AD specifies otherwise.

(3) The following service information was approved  for  IBR  on September
    24, 2021 (86 FR 46771).

(i) European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD 2020-0087, dated April
    15, 2020.

(ii) [Reserved]

(4) For EASA AD 2020-0087, contact the EASA, Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer 3, 50668
    Cologne, Germany; telephone +49 221 8999 000; email ADs@easa.europa.eu
    Internet www.easa.europa.eu. You may find this EASA AD on the EASA web
    site at https://ad.easa.europa.eu.

(5) You may view  this  service  information  at  the  FAA,  Office of the
    Regional Counsel, Southwest Region, 10101 Hillwood Pkwy., Room 6N-321,
    Fort Worth, TX 76177. For information  on  the  availability  of  this
    material at the FAA,  call (817) 222-5110.  This material may be found
    in the AD docket at https://www.regulations.gov  by searching for  and
    locating FAA-2021-0785.

(6) You may view this material that is incorporated by  reference  at  the
    National Archives and  Records Administration (NARA).  For information
    on the availability of this material at NARA, email fr.inspection@nara
    .gov,   or  go  to  https://www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-
    locations.html.

Issued on September 8, 2021.  Lance T. Gant,  Director,  Compliance & Air-
worthiness Division, Aircraft Certification Service.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:  Hal Jensen,  Aerospace Engineer,  Opera-
tional Safety Branch, FAA,  950 L’Enfant Plaza N SW, Washington, DC 20024;
telephone (202) 267-9167; email hal.jensen@faa.gov.
PREAMBLE 

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2021-0785; Project Identifier AD-2021-00989-R;
Amendment 39-21734; AD 2021-19-16]
RIN 2120-AA64

Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Helicopters

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Final rule; request for comments.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: The FAA is superseding Airworthiness Directive (AD) 2021-16-
02, which applied to certain Airbus Helicopters Model SA330J, AS332C,
AS332L, AS332L1, AS332L2, and EC225LP helicopters. AD 2021-16-02
required inspecting the locking safety mechanism of the left-hand (LH)
side stairway door handle and depending on the results, corrective
action. AD 2021-16-02 also required modifying that locking safety
mechanism. This AD retains the requirements in AD 2021-16-02, as
specified in a European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) AD, which
is incorporated by reference, and clarifies a certain exception. This
AD was prompted by the need to clarify that exception. The FAA is
issuing this AD to address the unsafe condition on these products.

DATES: This AD becomes effective October 12, 2021.
The Director of the Federal Register approved the incorporation by
reference of a certain publication listed in this AD as of September
24, 2021 (86 FR 46771).
The FAA must receive comments on this AD by November 12, 2021.

ADDRESSES: You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR
11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods:
Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to https://www.regulations.gov. Follow the
instructions for submitting comments.
Fax: (202) 493-2251.
Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket
Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New
Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590.
Hand Delivery: Deliver to Mail address above between 9
a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.
For material incorporated by reference (IBR) in this AD, contact
the EASA, Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer 3, 50668 Cologne, Germany; telephone +49
221 8999 000; email ADs@easa.europa.eu; internet www.easa.europa.eu.
You may find this material on the EASA website at https://ad.easa.europa.eu.
You may view this material at the FAA, Office of the
Regional Counsel, Southwest Region, 10101 Hillwood Pkwy., Room 6N-321,
Fort Worth, TX 76177. For information on the availability of this
material at the FAA, call (817) 222-5110. It is also available in the
AD docket at https://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating
Docket No. FAA-2021-0785.

Examining the AD Docket

You may examine the AD docket at https://www.regulations.gov by
searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2021-0785; or in person at
Docket Operations between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday,
except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this AD, any comments
received, and other information. The street address for Docket
Operations is listed above. Comments will be available in the AD docket
shortly after receipt.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Hal Jensen, Aerospace Engineer,
Operational Safety Branch, FAA, 950 L'Enfant Plaza N SW, Washington, DC
20024; telephone (202) 267-9167; email hal.jensen@faa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION
:

Background

The FAA issued AD 2021-16-02, Amendment 39-21663 (86 FR 46771,
August 20, 2021) (AD 2021-16-02), for certain Airbus Helicopters Model
SA330J, AS332C, AS332L, AS332L1, AS332L2, and EC225LP helicopters. AD
2021-16-02 required inspecting the locking safety mechanism of the LH
side stairway door handle and depending on the results, corrective
action. AD 2021-16-02 also required modifying that locking safety
mechanism.
AD 2021-16-02 was prompted by EASA AD 2020-0087, dated April 15,
2020 (EASA AD 2020-0087), issued by EASA, which is the Technical Agent
for the Member States of the European Union, to correct an unsafe
condition for Airbus Helicopters (AH), formerly Eurocopter, Eurocopter
France, Aerospatiale, Sud Aviation, Model SA330J, AS332C, AS332L,
AS332L1, AS332L2, and EC225LP helicopters, if equipped with an LH side
stairway door, except helicopters modified in accordance with AH
modification (MOD) 07 28281 (AS 332, EC 225) or MOD 07 27338 (SA 330).
EASA issued EASA AD 2020-0087 to supersede EASA Emergency AD 2014-0241-
E, dated November 4, 2014 (EASA AD 2014-0241-E).

The FAA issued AD 2021-16-02 to address incorrect locking of the LH
side stairway door, which could result in an in-flight opening of the
door and subsequent damage to the helicopter or injury to persons on
the ground. See EASA AD 2020-0087 for additional background
information.

Actions Since AD 2021-16-02 Was Issued

Since AD 2021-16-02 was issued, the FAA has determined that is
necessary to clarify a required exception. As published, paragraph
(h)(7) of AD 2021-16-02 could cause confusion with paragraph (h)(5) of
AD 2021-16-02. Paragraph (h)(7) of this AD clarifies that the
terminating action for the repetitive inspections as required by
paragraph (2) of EASA AD 2020-0087 does not apply to this AD. The
repetitive inspections as required by paragraph (2) of EASA AD 2020-
0087 are not required by paragraph (h)(5) of this AD, and accordingly,
this AD cannot provide terminating action for those repetitive
inspections.

Related Service Information Under 1 CFR Part 51


EASA AD 2020-0087 requires repetitively inspecting the locking
safety mechanism of the LH side stairway door handle for correct
operation and depending on the results, reconditioning the locking
safety mechanism or contacting the Airbus Helicopters Support and
Services Department. EASA AD 2020-0087 also requires modifying the
locking safety mechanism, which constitutes terminating action for the
repetitive inspections.
This material is reasonably available because the interested
parties have access to it through their normal course of business or by
the means identified in the ADDRESSES section.

FAA's Determination

These helicopters have been approved by EASA and are approved for
operation in the United States. Pursuant to the FAA's bilateral
agreement with the European Union, EASA has notified the FAA about the
unsafe condition described in its AD. The FAA is issuing this AD after
evaluating all known relevant information and determining that the
unsafe condition described previously is likely to exist or develop on
other helicopters of these same type designs.

AD Requirements

This AD requires accomplishing the actions specified in EASA AD
2020-0087, described previously, as incorporated by reference, except
for any differences identified as exceptions in the regulatory text of
this AD and except as discussed under ``Differences Between this AD and
the EASA AD.''

Explanation of Required Compliance Information

In the FAA's ongoing efforts to improve the efficiency of the AD
process, the FAA developed a process to use some civil aviation
authority (CAA) ADs as the primary source of information for compliance
with requirements for corresponding FAA ADs. The FAA has been
coordinating this process with manufacturers and CAAs. As a result,
EASA AD 2020-0087 is incorporated by reference in this FAA final rule.
This AD, therefore, requires compliance with EASA AD 2020-0087 in its
entirety, through that incorporation, except for any differences
identified as exceptions in the regulatory text of this AD. Using
common terms that are the same as the heading of a particular section
in EASA AD 2020-0087 does not mean that operators need comply only with
that section. For example, where the AD requirement refers to ``all
required actions and compliance times,'' compliance with this AD
requirement is not limited to the section titled ``Required Action(s)
and Compliance Time(s)'' in the EASA AD. Service information referenced
in EASA AD 2020-0087 for compliance will be available at https://www.regulations.
gov by searching for and locating FAA-2021-0785.

Differences Between This AD and the EASA AD

Where EASA AD 2020-0087 refers to the effective date of EASA AD
2014-0241-E or its effective date, this AD requires using the effective
date of this AD. Where EASA AD 2020-0087 refers to Group 1 and 2
helicopters, this AD does not refer to any groups of helicopters. Where
the service information referenced in EASA AD 2020-0087 allows the
pilot to perform the requirements of the ASB, this AD requires the
requirements to be performed by a qualified mechanic. Where the service
information referenced in EASA AD 2020-0087 specifies to submit certain
information to the manufacturer, this AD does not include that
requirement. Where the service information referenced in EASA AD 2020-
0087 specifies to discard certain parts, this AD requires removing
those parts from service instead. EASA AD 2020-0087 requires repeating
the inspection before next flight after each application of painting on
the LH side stairway door or its external door handle, whereas this AD
does not. EASA AD 2020-0087 allows a terminating action for the
repetitive inspections, whereas this AD does not. EASA AD 2020-0087
requires contacting the Airbus Helicopters Support and Services
Department if it is impossible to recondition the locking safety
mechanism by moving the door handle, whereas this AD requires, before
further flight, accomplishing paragraph (5) of EASA AD 2020-0087 or
accomplishing corrective action using a method approved by the Manager,
International Validation Branch, FAA. The Manager's approval letter
must specifically refer to this AD.

Justification for Immediate Adoption and Determination of the Effective
Date


Section 553(b)(3)(B) of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) (5
U.S.C. 551 et seq.) authorizes agencies to dispense with notice and
comment procedures for rules when the agency, for ``good cause,'' finds
that those procedures are ``impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to
the public interest.'' Under this section, an agency, upon finding good
cause, may issue a final rule without providing notice and seeking
comment prior to issuance. Further, section 553(d) of the APA
authorizes agencies to make rules effective in less than thirty days,
upon a finding of good cause.
This AD clarifies an exception in AD 2021-16-02 that could affect
compliance and the public was previously provided opportunity for
comment on the costs of the AD and required actions.
Accordingly, notice and opportunity for prior public comment are
unnecessary pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(B). In addition, the FAA
finds that good cause exists pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553(d) for making
this amendment effective in less than 30 days, for the same reasons the
FAA found good cause to forgo notice and comment.

Comments Invited

The FAA invites you to send any written relevant data, views, or
arguments about this AD. Send your comments to an address listed under
ADDRESSES. Include ``Docket No. FAA-2021-0785; Project Identifier AD-
2021-00989-R'' at the beginning of your comments. The most helpful
comments reference a specific portion of the AD, explain the reason for
any recommended change, and include supporting data. The FAA will
consider all comments received by the closing
date and may amend this AD because of those comments.
Except for Confidential Business Information (CBI) as described in
the following paragraph, and other information as described in 14 CFR
11.35, the FAA will post all comments received, without change, to
https://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you
provide. The agency will also post a report summarizing each
substantive verbal contact received about this AD.

Confidential Business Information

CBI is commercial or financial information that is both customarily
and actually treated as private by its owner. Under the Freedom of
Information Act (FOIA) (5 U.S.C. 552), CBI is exempt from public
disclosure. If your comments responsive to this AD contain commercial
or financial information that is customarily treated as private, that
you actually treat as private, and that is relevant or responsive to
this AD, it is important that you clearly designate the submitted
comments as CBI. Please mark each page of your submission containing
CBI as ``PROPIN.'' The FAA will treat such marked submissions as
confidential under the FOIA, and they will not be placed in the public
docket of this AD. Submissions containing CBI should be sent to Hal
Jensen, Aerospace Engineer, Operational Safety Branch, FAA, 950
L'Enfant Plaza N SW, Washington, DC 20024; telephone (202) 267-9167;
email hal.jensen@faa.gov. Any commentary that the FAA receives that is
not specifically designated as CBI will be placed in the public docket
for this rulemaking.

Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA)

The requirements of the RFA do not apply when an agency finds good
cause pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553 to adopt a rule without prior notice and
comment. Because the FAA has determined that it has good cause to adopt
this rule without notice and comment, RFA analysis is not required.

Costs of Compliance

The FAA estimates that this AD affects 37 helicopters of U.S.
Registry. Labor rates are estimated at $85 per work-hour. Based on
these numbers, the FAA estimates that operators may incur the following
costs in order to comply with this AD.
Inspecting the operation of the locking safety mechanism on the LH
side stairway door handle takes about 0.1 work-hour for an estimated
cost of $9 per helicopter and $333 for the U.S. fleet. Moving the
external door handle from the ``Locked'' to the ``Unlocked'' position
to determine if the safety mechanism on the LH side stairway door
handle can lock automatically takes about 0.5 work-hour for an
estimated cost of $43 per helicopter. Modifying the locking safety
mechanism on the LH side stairway door handle takes about 8 work-hours
and parts cost about $5,000 for an estimated cost of $5,680 per
helicopter.

Authority for This Rulemaking

Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to
issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the
authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs,
describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.
The FAA is issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in
Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: General requirements.
Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight
of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for
practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary
for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that
authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to
exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

The FAA determined that this AD would not have federalism
implications under Executive Order 13132. This AD would not have a
substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between
the national Government and the States, or on the distribution of power
and responsibilities among the various levels of government.
For the reasons discussed above, I certify this regulation:
(1) Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive
Order 12866, and
(2) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39


Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by
reference, Safety.

The Amendment

Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the
Administrator, the FAA amends 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

PART 39--AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.

Sec. 39.13 [Amended]


2. The FAA amends Sec. 39.13 by:

a. Removing Airworthiness Directive 2021-16-02, Amendment 39-21663 (86
FR 46771, August 20, 2021); and

b. Adding the following new airworthiness directive: